30


Jesus
of Nazareth

    THE STORY OF HUMANKIND

Jesus of Nazareth was a Jew from Galilee of Palestine at the time of the Roman occupation, who began to preach the one and only God to his compatriots during the 3rd decade AD. The Jewish god until then was somehow national, his law was made for the Jews; on the contrary, Jesus spoke of the God for all people and tribes, whom mercy, humility and love prevailed over the observance of complex rituals were adopted and practiced by the Jewish rabbis. Jesus spoke three languages: the Hebrew (the synagogue language), the Aramaic (the popular language he used in his sermons), and the imperial language, the Greek. Though religious, he was never caught in the Jewish ritual, he considered them useless. He believed that the true religion is of the heart.

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Jesus crushed the clergy, saying that they were making heavy loads for people's shoulders while they did not want their finger to move. He refused to throw the stone into the adulterers and shouted to the hypocrites: "I assure you that the charges and the prostitutes will come before you into the kingdom of God." Among other things he said: "Blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for God's will to prevail, for God will satisfy their desire. Blessed are those who show mercy to others, for God will show mercy to them. Blessed are those who have a pure heart, for they will see the face of God (Matthew 5: 3). In a harsh and difficult time for humanity, Jesus' speech was a glimpse of light and hope for ordinary people and soon acquired many followers. His teaching, however, brought him in conflict with the Jewish authorities who believed that he was undermining the social class and, consequently, their power. In Jerusalem, they managed to be sentenced to death by a Jewish court and the Roman governor Pontius Pilates ordered his crucifixion, which was probably held on April 7, at the year 30 AD.

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According to his disciples he resurrected after three days, and the fact shows that he was Christ (the one who received the anointing), the expected Messiah, the messenger who carried the message of the Kingdom of God. A generation later, Christianity will develop from its disciples, and especially from Paul, who wrote 13 of the 27 New Testament books.