Kant Immanuel 1724 - 1804 (80)

Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life.


Pure Reason

“It is the Land of Truth (enchanted name!), surrounded by a wide and stormy ocean, the true home of illusion, where many a fog bank and ice, that soon melts away, tempt us to believe in new lands, while constantly deceiving the adventurous mariner with vain hopes, and involving him in adventures which he can never leave, yet never bring to an end.”

Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher and the founder of transcendental philosophy. He was born in Königsberg, a major port and capital of East Prussia, on April 22, 1724, into a Protestant family. Despite limited financial means, he managed to study philosophy, mathematics, and theology from 1740 to 1746, funding his studies with private lessons and profits from billiards. After completing his studies and due to the death of his father, he worked as a domestic teacher for a while. After obtaining his doctorate, he became a lecturer at the university. In 1775, he became a professor of logic and metaphysics, and for several years, he served as the dean of the philosophical school. In 1786 and 1788, he was the rector of the university.

In 1792, his views on the relations of evil and human nature clashed with the Prussian government as a law forbade the study of religious matters unless the teaching aligned with that of the Lutheran Church. King Frederick himself issued a decree prohibiting Kant from writing or teaching about religion. Due to poor health, he reduced his activity to the university, and in 1796, he retired. In 1781, he published his most significant work, "Critique of Pure Reason." Kant never married, had no relationships, and did not travel far from his birthplace. He dedicated his life to studying and writing. He passed away in Königsberg in 1804.