“In that Macondo forgotten even by the birds, where the dust and the heat had become so strong that it was difficult to breathe, secluded by solitude and love and by the solitude of love in a house where it was almost impossible to sleep because of the noise of the red ants, Aureliano, and Amaranta Úrsula were the only happy beings, and the most happy on the face of the earth.”
Gabriel Garcia Marquez was born on 6 March 1927 in Aracataka, a small coastal village in Colombia. His parents abandoned the village after his birth to find a job in the city; Gabriel was left with his grandfather, a liberal colonel who told him endless stories from the 1899 civil war and his grandmother who enchanted him with her myths , fairy tales and ghost stories. Ata the age of 8 his grandfather died and ata 10 he first saw his parents, which was a big shock. In 1947 he moved to Bogotá to study law and political studies but never finished. In 1948 he went to Cartagena of the West Indies and worked as a journalist. He returned to Colombia and started writing articles for magazines and newspapers and also novels and short stories without success. Since 1961 he lived with his wife Mercia and his two sons in Mexico with a lot of financial problems until 1967, a milestone for his life when the "100 Years of solitude was published". A year and a half before, they were on vacation in Acapulco where he had the idea of writing a book about his roots. He was so absorbed in writing that book that he neglected all his other obligations, they had to sell their car in order to survive and when the book was ready they couldn’t afford mailing it to the publisher so they send half of it.
With this book he became famous and rich in no time. In "Hundred Years of Solitude" he describes many stories of his childhood and masterfully blends the myth with reality creating magical realism in Latin American literature. Other great novels are: The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), Chronicle of a Determined Death (1981), Love in time of Cholera (1985), Love and Other Demons (1994).
Since 1961, he was forbidden to enter America because of his attitude in favor of Cuba (he was a friend with Fidel Castro) until Clinton, who was a fan, not only lifted the ban but also invited him to the United States. In 1982, Marquez was awarded the Nobel Prize, and in 1999 he was diagnosed with cancer and decided to stop travels and public appearances. He wrote his e his autobiography, which was published in 2002, entitled "Living to tell the tale". In his last years he had withdrawn from public affairs and died of pneumonia, on April 17, 2014, in Mexico City.